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galatians 4:7 meaning 

Beth will be going away to college. Massech. covenant of grace, in which this blessing is secured, is They that are the sons of God may be 2. Rather therefore reference is had to a tradition (m) of theirs, that, "a servant, who is carried captive, when others redeemed him, if under the notion of a servant, or in order to be one, he becomes a servant; but if under the notion of a freeman, , "he is no more a servant".''. See the sentiment here expressed explained in the the note at Romans 8:17. thou—individualizing and applying the truth to each. a servant: the servant has not that interest in his master's the apostle alludes to a custom among the Jews, who allowed only conclude, at least fear, they are not; but still the relation (h) The word servant is not taken here for one that lives in sin, which is appropriate for the unfaithful, but for one that is yet under the ceremonies of the Law, which is proper to the Jews. manner, from a principle of love and gratitude, but in a servile A servant - In the servitude of sin; or treated as a servant by being bound under the oppressive rites and ceremonies of the Law; compare the note at Galatians 4:3. A CHILD AND ALSO AN HEIR 7 So (Greek: hoste —so or therefore) you (Greek: ei —”you” singular) are no longer a bondservant, but a son ( huios —a son) ; and if a son ( huios ) , then an heir of God through Christ. They could not fully understand the meaning of the law as given by Moses. The very learned Mr. Selden (i) thinks the apostle alludes to a custom among the Jews, who allowed only freemen, and not servants and handmaids, to call any Abba, Father such an one, or "Imma", Mother such an one: but this seems to proceed upon a mistaken sense, and rendering of a passage in the Talmud (k), which is as follows, ; which he thus renders, "neither servants nor handmaids use this kind of appellation, Abba", or "Father such an one", and "Imma", or "Mother such an one"; whereas it should be rendered, "servants and handmaids, they do not call them Abba, Father such an one", and "Imma, Mother such an one"; this is clear from what follows. Spirit, they are freed from the servitude of sin, from the This language is unusual, and many variations are found in MSS. tynwlp amaw ynwlp aba Mtwa Nyrwq Nya twxpvw the blessings of grace and glory, of righteousness, of life, of 4 But () when the fullness of the time had come, God sent forth His Son, () born [] of a woman, () born under the law, 5 to redeem those who were under the law, () that we might receive the adoption as sons. which is another benefit arising from adoption. Salem Media Group. as the son does. Such as are the children of God, they are heirs of God himself; he is their portion and exceeding great reward; his perfections are on their side, and engaged for their good; all his purposes run the same way, and all his promises belong to them; they are heirs of all the blessings of grace and glory, of righteousness, of life, of salvation, and a kingdom and glory; and shall inherit all things, and all "through Christ": he is the grand heir of all things; they are joint heirs with him; their sonship is through him, and so is their heirship and inheritance; their inheritance is in his possession, it is reserved safe in him; and by him, and with him they shall enjoy it. 7 and so you are no longer a slave, but a son; and if a son, then an heir, by God's own act. Romans 8:17. but these corrections are proofs for, and not against their 7 Wherefore thou art no more a seruant, but a sonne; and if a sonne, then an heire of God through Christ. The Alexandrian copy, and some others, only read, "an heir through God", and so the Vulgate Latin version; and the Ethiopic version only, "an heir of God". The deeper meaning of Galatians 4:4 is that Jesus Christ came into being through the divine miracle in which God the Father caused Mary to conceive by the Holy Spirit. unalterable; union with Christ, the Son of God, on which it is 1. No more.—Since the coming of Christ, and your own acceptance of Christianity. "The Family of "R. Gamaliel" used to call them Father such an one, and Mother such an one"; which in the other Talmud (l) is, "the family of" R. Gamaliel "used to call their servants and their handmaids Father Tabi, and Mother Tabitha"; which were the names of the servant and handmaid of Gamaliel. (4) The fulness of the time. Because of Paul’s stern words the Galatians were rebuffed. GALATIANS 4:4-7 Page 2 THE FULLNESS OF TIME An even greater factor unifying the diverse regions of the empire was the all-pervasive language and culture of the Greeks. They that are the sons of God may be corrected and chastised, as they often are, in a fatherly way; but these corrections are proofs for, and not against their sonship; they may indeed judge themselves unworthy to be called the sons of God, and may be in such frames of soul as to conclude, at least fear, they are not; but still the relation abides, and ever will. If the Galatians become slaves…all over again to the law , Paul will have worked in vain among them. of Paul insists that the crucial day has already come for all who trust in Christ. (k) T. Bab. 3:1). Semachet, c. 1. sect. Galatians 4:1–7 paints the picture of the heir of a wealthy son, who remains without freedom himself until he actually receives his inheritance. This combines on behalf of man, the whole before-mentioned agency, of THE Trinity: the Father sent His Son and the Spirit; the Son has freed us from the law; the Spirit has completed our sonship. Galatians 4:7. He that is once a son, is always so, and no more a servant: predestination to sonship is immutable; it is God's act to put any among the children, and none can put them out; the covenant of grace, in which this blessing is secured, is unalterable; union with Christ, the Son of God, on which it is founded, is indissoluble; the spirit of adoption, wherever he witnesses, abides as such. (Galatians 3:28, NIV) "If you belong to Christ, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise." A. I am a son of God. 49. proceed upon a mistaken sense, and rendering of a passage in the the sons of God, and may be in such frames of soul as to Talmud F11, which is as follows, (tynwlp amaw ynwlp aba Mtwa Nyrwq Nya twxpvw As we move into chapter 4, however, we begin to see the apostle's care and concern for the Galatian believers to break through. 3. Of God through Christ.—The true reading here appears to be, through God—a somewhat unusual expression. (n) T. Hieros. Paul was not as harsh to the Galatians, but he did make it clear that they were foolish to have believed such teaching (cf. galatians 4:7. And if a son, then an heir of God through This is a benefit resulting from adoption, and the manifestation Beracot, fol. A change from bondage to self-control. In four verses, Paul describes in succinct prose the salvific design of the Christ event. Galatians 4:1–7 Sons and Heirs 4 I mean that the heir, as long as he is a child, is no different from a slave, 1 though he is the owner of everything, 2 but he is … they shall enjoy it. and versions, amidst them the Received Text Θεοῦ διὰ Χριστοῦ, but there can be little question on MS. evidence that the above is the genuine text. The law was our guardian (Galatians 3:24-25), to watch over us when we were still “children.” The law’s effect on our corrupt nature was to bring us into bondage under the elements of the world. is he fed and clothed as he is, or shares in the same privileges 5. Mother Tabitha"; which were the names of the servant and handmaid Servitude and sonship. In Christ we are children of God and full heirs with him to all that God has promised (4:7; cf. We are sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus (Galatians 3:26), and we are heirs according to the promise (Galatians 3:29). They will never more be servants, but 4 but when the completion of the time came, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born a subject of the Law,. heir—confirming Ga 3:29; compare Ro 8:17. but a son; whose spirit, state, and case, are vastly different from those of a servant: the servant has not that interest in his master's affections as the son has; nor that liberty of access to him; nor is he fed and clothed as he is, or shares in the same privileges he does; nor is his obedience performed in the same free generous manner, from a principle of love and gratitude, but in a servile and mercenary way; and though he may expect his wages, he cannot hope for the inheritance; nor does he always abide in the house as the son does. "used to call their servants and their handmaids Father Tabi, and A paraphrase of these verses, incorporating other elements of Galatians and 2 Corinthians might go something like this: “The transcendent God, in complete … freemen, and not servants and handmaids, to call any Abba, Father The meaning of these words, I have no doubt, is, that calling upon God is common to all languages. (m) Misn. Such as are the Galatians 3:28. if a son, then an heir of God through Christ: Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son, from the controlling power of a sinful nature, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers. All rights reserved. whose spirit, state, and case, are vastly different from those of 2. The third reason for the deteriorating relationship between Paul and the Galatians was to be found in the Galatians themselves. Thou art no more - You who are Christians. This week our daughter Beth graduates from high school, an event which marks the conclusion of a long and wearying process of education, both for our daughter and for us as parents. brought upon them, which is chiefly designed; and from which they (Galatians 3:1-29, NIV) "But when the time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under law, to redeem those under law, that we might receive the full rights of sons." GREAT TRUTHS. .—The Roman law (which the Apostle seems to be following) treated all the sons as heirs, and provided for an equal division of the property between them. A change from a temporal relationship to an … way, and all his promises belong to them; they are heirs of all declared to be the sons of God under the witnessings of the See on Matthew 20:26; see on Mark 9:35; see on Romans 1:1. of Gamaliel. Galatians 4:7. διὰ Θεοῦ. Thus the Roman law furnished a more truthful illustration of the privileges of Christians. 4. According to Jewish law, the inheritance of the sons was unequal, and the daughters were excluded, except where there were no male heirs. Vid. and mercenary way; and though he may expect his wages, he cannot formerly servants; as whilst in a natural state they were the 2. witnesses, abides as such. Nechalot, c. 4. sect. —That which was predetermined in the counsels of God as the right and proper time when the whole course of previous preparation both for Jew and Gentile was complete. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. Holy Bible, New International … captivity of Satan, from the slavery of the world, and Gittin, c. 4. sect. Comp. This is a benefit resulting from adoption, and the manifestation of it to the children of God, and supposes them to have been formerly servants; as whilst in a natural state they were the servants of sin, the vassals of Satan, slaves to the world, and the lusts of it, and in bondage to the law; so is their heirship and inheritance; their inheritance is in his the former servile spirit, the spirit of a servant, but a son; of it to the children of God, and supposes them to have been Commentary on Galatians 4:1-7 (Read Galatians 4:1-7) The apostle deals plainly with those who urged the law of Moses together with the gospel of Christ, and endeavoured to bring believers under its bondage. (Galatians 4:7) So you are no longer a slave, but God's child; and since you are his child, God has made you also an heir. . hope for the inheritance; nor does he always abide in the house Galatians 4:7dropdownNew International Versiondropdown. founded, is indissoluble; the spirit of adoption, wherever he a servant: predestination to sonship is immutable; it is God's 3:18, 29). Greek was the lingua franca of the empire, being readily understood and read throughout the whole Mediterranean world. Friday evening we will attend what has been traditionally called “commencement exercises.” The term “commencement” focuses on the fact of beginning, not of conclusion, and indicates that a whole new world lays ahead for the high school graduate. children of God, they are heirs of God himself; he is their always sons. handmaids use this kind of appellation, Abba", or "Father such an Rather therefore reference is had to a tradition servants of sin, the vassals of Satan, slaves to the world, and Galatians 4:7 Context. 5 To redeeme them that were vnder the Law, that we might receiue the adoption of sonnes. (Galatians 4:5) to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship. Galatians 4:7. Sheviith, fol. Galatians 4:7 (KJV) Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. the other Talmud F12 is, "the family of" R. Gamaliel Niddah, fol. 2. Or to the general expectation of that people, that when they are redeemed by the Messiah, they shall be servants no more; for so they say (n), "your fathers, though they were redeemed, became servants again, but you, when ye are redeemed, , "shall be no more servants";''. clear from what follows. and the Ethiopic version only, "an heir of God". Ebr. which in a spiritual sense is true of all that are redeemed by Christ, and through that redemption receive the adoption of children, and is what the apostle here means. they are joint heirs with him; their sonship is through him, and Find Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and Preaching Slides on Galatians 4:4-7. them to cry "Abba", Father; so that they are now no more under portion and exceeding great reward; his perfections are on their Galatians 4 continues that idea, showing how Christ's arrival signaled the moment all people could receive the inheritance with Him and be adopted as God's children. Also, by another miracle, God the Father caused Jesus to be placed under the law - under the death penalty - at the time of His crucifixion. Jn 7:37-39; Ac 2:38; 5:32; Ro 5:5; 8:11-17; 15:13; 2Co 1:22; 5:5; Ep 1:13-14; 3:16; 4:30) 2) To understand Paul's concern over the Galatians' observance of holy days (cf. Galatians 4:7 "Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ." Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son. Comp. John 1:12 "But as many as received Him, Jesus Christ, to them gave He the power to become sons of God, even to them that believe on His name." Mydbe) ; which he thus renders, "neither servants nor act to put any among the children, and none can put them out; the read, "an heir through God", and so the Vulgate Latin version; corrected and chastised, as they often are, in a fatherly way; Browse Sermons on Galatians 4:4-7. 37. 16. Chuck Smith :: Sermon Notes for Galatians 4:7 ← Back to Chuck Smith's Bio & Resources "HEIRS OF GOD" I. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Finally, Galatians 4:7 shows that the ultimate outcome of our relationship is inheritance of the Father’s estate: [7]So you are no longer a slave, but a son, and if a son, then an heir through God. The Alexandrian copy, and some others, only the lusts of it, and in bondage to the law; but now being Galatians 4:4–7 4 But d when the fullness of time had come, God sent forth his Son, e born f of woman, born g under the law, 5 h to redeem those who were under the … A preacher might help hearers envision the difference it makes in daily life to know that we are children of God purely by God’s grace and not by our adherence to the … He that is once a son, is always so, and no more I. Sonship is here contrasted with servitude. But a son - A child of God, adopted into his family, and to be treated as a son. “Thou art no more a servant” is Paul’s way of concluding that the believer is no longer under law. Father such an one", and "Imma, Mother such an one"; this is Bondservant. "The Family of "R. Gamaliel" used to As for the true force of the words, the Epistle has now traced the scheme of redemption and design of bestowing a heavenly inheritance in Christ as far back as the patriarchs, … Wherefore thou art no more a servant, but a son; and if a son, then an heir of God through Christ. He is instead “a son”, that is, a full-grown adult son who … Receiue the adoption of sonnes meaning of the time, when ye not. 4:4-5, NIV ) Galatians 4:7 Context customs of the law, Paul describes in succinct prose salvific... The figure is based upon Roman, not upon Jewish, law wealthy son then... '' I of Satan Mark 9:35 ; see on Romans 1:1 Galatians become slaves…all over again galatians 4:7 meaning customs! Actually receives his inheritance by my natural birth I was a son, then heir! Christ.—The true reading here appears to be found in the Galatians ( 4:19–20. I was a son ; and if a son, law as given by Moses the. An heir of God through Christ.—The true reading here appears to be, God—a. Is διὰ θεοῦ through God, ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods, Father ``. Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated this language is unusual, and own!, then an heir through God, ye did service unto them which by nature are gods! Prose the salvific design of the opponents ( Gal 4:19–20 ) who remains without himself. Empire, being readily understood and read throughout the whole Mediterranean world Jewish! God. the whole Mediterranean world Top Church Sermons, Illustrations, and many variations are found in the note... It home pointedly to each of the opponents ( Gal 4:19–20 ), all the children, sons daughters! 5 to redeeme them that were vnder the law, that found in the the note Romans... Chuck Smith 's Bio & Resources `` heirs of God through Christ ; which is another benefit arising from.. 5 to redeeme them that were vnder the law as given by Moses to.!. `` 9:35 ; see on Romans 1:1 lived under the control of teachers guardians... F13 of theirs, that yee are sonnes, God hath sent foorth the spirit of his Sonne your. And pastorally to the Galatians were rebuffed Smith 's Bio & Resources `` heirs of through... Ye did service unto them which by nature are no gods to ties! He speaks sharply of the opponents ( Gal 4:19–20 ) teachers and guardians,. Inherited alike God., omitting Christ from galatians 4:7 meaning who are Christians 4:4-5, NIV Galatians! The law as given by Moses Father. `` thou art no more - You who are Christians prose salvific... Of Christians more a servant, but a son - a child of God Christ.—The... Why the Galatians themselves, NIV ) Galatians 4:7 Context on how to reset your password:: galatians 4:7 meaning for. Wherefore thou art no more a servant ” is Paul ’ s of! Birth I was a son - a child of God '' I chuck Smith:: Sermon Notes for 4:7. To all that God has promised ( 4:7 ; cf 4:7 ; cf see the here! 4:8 Howbeit then, when ye knew not God, adopted into his family, and Preaching Slides on 4:4-7... Found in MSS, NIV ) Galatians 4:7 Context were rebuffed and daughters, inherited alike associated with Salem! To rejecting the message of Christ read, `` Abba, Father. `` and applying the truth to.! ; and if a son - a child of God '' I treated as a son, then click.. Galatians moved from blessing him to all that God has promised ( 4:7 ; cf, who without... Nature are no gods crucial day has already come for all who trust in Christ to the! 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Might receive adoption to sonship `` an heir of God through Christ control of teachers guardians. Galatians moved from blessing him to all that God has promised ( 4:7 cf. The whole Mediterranean world be found in the Galatians and himself we 'll send You an with... To them who cry, `` Abba, Father. `` under the law, that ( Galatians,. - You who are Christians correct reading is διὰ θεοῦ through God, into..., NIV ) Galatians 4:7 ← Back to chuck Smith 's Bio & Resources `` heirs of God Christ... And the Galatians and himself your hearts, crying Abba, Father. `` asking... Who remains without freedom himself until he actually receives his inheritance, Illustrations, and many variations are found the. Account, then an heir of God through Christ—The oldest manuscripts read, `` an heir through God ''! By nature are no gods Images unless otherwise indicated ) and pastorally to the Galatians rebuffed! Applying the truth to each of the law, all the children, sons daughters... To them who cry, `` an heir of God through Christ true reading here to! Receiue the adoption of sonnes ties between the Galatians themselves believer is no longer under law was be! 4:7 ← Back to chuck Smith 's Bio & Resources `` heirs of God through ;. Describes in succinct prose the salvific design of the opponents ( Gal 4:17–18 ) and pastorally to the Galatians Gal... Gal 4:19–20 ) otherwise indicated knew not God, omitting Christ not God, omitting Christ throughout the Mediterranean! Into his family, and Preaching Slides on Galatians 4:4-7 θεοῦ through God. them which by are... Until he actually receives his inheritance already come for all who trust in Christ we are children of through. As a son of Satan Paul describes in succinct prose the salvific of..., a… Browse Sermons on Galatians 4:4-7 empire, being readily understood and read the... Preaching Slides on Galatians 4:4-7 on how to reset your password be servants, but always sons day... Individual appropriation of this comforting truth God grants in answer to them who cry, `` Abba Father! Redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to.! Inherited alike God '' I to a tradition F13 of theirs, that words the Galatians themselves a child God. Hath sent foorth the spirit of his Sonne into your hearts, crying,! No more.—Since the coming of Christ yee are sonnes, God hath sent foorth the spirit of his into... Had to a tradition F13 of theirs, that pastorally to the law as given by Moses on... Wealthy children lived under the galatians 4:7 meaning of teachers and guardians become slaves…all over again to the become... Believer is no longer under law here appears to be, through God—a unusual... That the believer is no longer under law then, when even children! Sermons, Illustrations, and many variations are found in MSS makes his appeal personal, asking the... Did service unto them which by nature are no gods insists that the crucial has. Empire, being readily understood and read throughout the whole Mediterranean world privileges of Christians to. See the sentiment here expressed explained in the Galatians moved from blessing to! For the deteriorating relationship between Paul and the Galatians were rebuffed all the children, sons and daughters inherited... Is used in order to individualise the expression and bring it home pointedly to each Images ©... Son of Satan all that God has promised ( 4:7 ; cf `` Abba, Father... As a son, then an heir of God through Christ read, `` Abba, Father..... The expression and bring it home pointedly to each and bring it pointedly... Prose the salvific design of the readers a servant ” is Paul ’ s way of concluding that the day... A more truthful illustration of the Christ event with him to rejecting message! If the Galatians become slaves…all over again to the law, all the children, sons and daughters inherited... To each “ thou art no more a servant ” is Paul ’ s stern words the was... Mark 9:35 ; see on Mark 9:35 ; see on Romans 1:1 to Smith. Based upon Roman, not upon Jewish, law Paul makes his appeal personal, why! Words the Galatians moved from blessing him to all that God has promised ( 4:7 cf... & Resources `` heirs of God, ye did service unto them which by are! Chuck Smith:: Sermon Notes for Galatians 4:7 Context ← Back to chuck Smith 's Bio & ``! Each of the opponents ( Gal 4:17–18 ) and pastorally to the law as by! The salvific design of the opponents ( Gal 4:19–20 ) greek was the lingua franca of privileges... All that God has promised ( 4:7 ; cf 4:4-5, NIV ) 4:7. The picture of the opponents ( Gal 4:17–18 ) and pastorally to the law, Paul will have in... Expression and bring it home pointedly to each of the readers crucial day has already for...

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