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what is pongal 

[14][15] It is observed by the Tamil diaspora worldwide,[16][17] including those in Malaysia,[18][19] Mauritius, South Africa,[20][21] Singapore,[22] United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. Tamils celebrate this day by visiting river bed and spending time with the family members. Ven pongal is also called khara pongal. Pongal, also famously known as Thai Pongal is a traditional festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu on the first day of the Tamil month of ‘Thai’. Pongal is a 4-day long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu. Pongal is known as the “harvest festival” of South India particularly in the state of Tamil Nadu. Thai Pongal is a harvest festival that is observed by the Tamils, a people who trace their origins to India, but whose population is now widely spread throughout the world. In some communities, women take their "cooking pots to the town center, or the main square, or near a temple of their choice or simply in front of their own home" and cook together as a social event, states Gutiérrez. [48], This day coincides with Makara Sankranthi,[49] and Maghi (day after Lohri). Contemporary practices and related festivals, According to James Stewart, this reverence for cattle – as, "Public holidays for 2020 announced, Tamil Nadu Government", "Jaffna Hindu College :: Thai Pongal tomorrow, Thursday 15 Jan 2015", "Washington Embassy celebrates Thai Pongal | Embassy of Sri Lanka – Washington DC USA", "Thai Pongal celebrated across the globe", "Meaning of 'Thai Pongal' - TAMIL NADU - The Hindu", "Malaysian Prime Minister Greets Ethnic Tamils on Pongal", "Najib extends Pongal wishes to Indian community | Malaysia | Malay Mail Online", ". [5] The pot is typically decorated by tying a turmeric plant or flower garland, and near the cooking stove are placed two or more tall fresh sugarcane stalks. The Savory Pongal is known as Ven Pongal, Khara Pongal or Ghee Pongal. are harvested. [42], While the Attukal Pongala pilgrimage and festival has roots in the Hindu culture and temple, it attracts participation from women from other religions. Pongal is regarded as a harvest festival of South India. Pongal, three-day Hindu festival held throughout South India. Pongal is a very important and popular festival of the Hindus. Pongal is an important harvest festival of Tamil Nadu and Kaanum Pongal is celebrated as the last and fourth day of the Pongal festivities. Mattu Pongal (January 15, 2021) -- is dedicated to the worship of cows, which provide essential help to farmers in the fields and milk to drink. The two varieties of pongal are chakarai pongal, which is sweet, and venn pongal, which is made from clarified butter. – lit. Pongal, which is also known as Thai Pongal, basically falls on January 14. [46][47], In Karnataka, the festival days are similar, except the dish is called "Ellu". The festival is celebrated with much enthusiasm, quite like Thanksgiving in America. New clothes are worn to mark the start of the festival. Pongal dish made from rice in milk, with cane or white sugar. [5][33] They pray for their brothers' well being, in a manner similar to Bhaiya dooj in north India. In Tamil "pongal" means "bubbling up". Pongal is usually made in 2 versions, savory and sweet. இதில் அறுவடை செய்த நெல்லின் அரிசியைக்(பச்சரிசி) கொண்டு பால், சர்க்கரை/வெல்லம், நெய், முந்திரி, திராட்சை மற்றும் ஏலக்காய் சேர்த்துப் புது பானை & புது அடுப்பில் கொதிக்க விட்டு பொங்கு… In Tamil "pongal" means "bubbling up". It is dedicated to the Sun god, the Surya, and corresponds to Makar Sankranti, the harvest festival under many regional names celebrated throughout India. Decorations and social visits are also common in many parts of Karnataka. [10][4][11] It is traditionally an occasion for decorating rice-powder based kolam artworks, offering prayers in the home, temples, getting together with family and friends, and exchanging gifts to renew social bonds of solidarity. Chakarai Pongal or Chakkara Pongali (transl. Pongal is a popular harvest festival of Tamil Nadu that marks the first day of the sun's return journey to the northern hemisphere, widely known as Makar Sankranti in India. Pilgrims take holy dip at Triveni Sangam January 13, 2016 5:56 am On the day of kannum Pongal people holds reunion and cooking can be done outside in the sunlight and which is usually done on a porch. In the ceremony called Bhogi Pallu, fruits of the harvest such as regi pallu and sugar cane are collected along with flowers of the season. It is observed at the start of the month Tai according to Tamil solar calendar, and this is typically about January 14. [33][36] The major cultural festivals on Pongal occur near Madurai. Pongal is a four-days-long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, a southern state of India. Sweet pongal, known as chakkara pongal, is boiled with jaggery (raw brown sugar), raisins, nuts and milk. The Sun is offered a “Pongal” of rice and milk. When it’s made salty/savory - salt, mild spices and ghee are added (known as ven pongal – ven means white). Mattu refers to "cow, bullock, cattle", and Tamil Hindus regard cattle as sources of wealth for providing dairy products, fertilizer, transportation and agricultural aid. It utilizes freshly harvested rice, and is prepared by boiling it in milk and raw cane sugar (jaggery). Pongal has astronomical significance: it marks the beginning of Uttarayana, the Sun's movement northward for a six month period. [27] Further, the terms ponakam, ponkal and its prefixed variants have meant either the festive pongal dish by itself as prasadam, or the pongal dish as part of entire thali (now alankara naivedya). [27] The cooking is done in sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard, as the dish is dedicated to the Sun god, Surya. [44] The celebrations include dance (Kathakali) and musical performances by boys and girls, as well as major processions featuring the temple goddess. [28], The festival is observed for three[3] or four[5] days in Tamil Nadu, but one or two days in urban locations particularly in the Tamil diaspora community outside South Asia. [7][30] The deity of the day is Indra – the god of rains, to whom prayers are offered, with thanks and hopes for plentiful rains in the year ahead. It is one of the most important and popular Hindu festivals. [5], Kanum Pongal, sometimes called the Kanu Pongal, the fourth day of the festival, marks the end of Pongal festivities for the year. [7][30], Bhogi is also observed on the same day in Andhra Pradesh. [5], The pongal dish is traditionally prepared by boiling milk, in a group setting. 4 days long, Pongal dish, decorations, flour dishes, home coming, prayers, processions, gift giving. [5] Brothers pay special tribute to their married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their filial love. Following are the date on which the four days of Pongal are celebrated: When is Pongal Celebrated Bhogi Pongal The first day or Bhogi Pongal is dedicated to the worship of Lord Indra, the rain God. [citation needed]. It is usually served with sambar and coconut chutney. [5][13] It is also a major Tamil festival in Sri Lanka. [1][12], Pongal is one of the most important festivals celebrated by Tamil people in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India. For the unversed, Pongal is a few days Hindi harvest festival which is mainly celebrated by Tamil people. It is made both salty and sweet. Other ingredients include coconut and ghee (clarified butter from cow milk). Pongal festival is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu that falls in the month of Thai (January-February season). [1] Huggi is derived from the Old Kannada word Puggi meaning "bubbled up, ballooned". Pongal is an ancient celebration for the people of Tamil Nadu that is celebrated for four continuous days. Kaanum pongal is the final day of the pongal festival. Pongal 2020 is a festival that marks the end of the winters and the beginning of the harvest season. Free food is distributed to everyone on the streets. Pongal is a four-day-long harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, which falls in the month of Thai (that is, the January-February season) when crops like rice, sugarcane, turmeric etc. Pongal is also associated with delicious food, and recipes that are famous in the Southern Indian states like Tamil Nadu, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh, as well as in countries with Tamil diaspora including Sri Lanka, Mauritius, South Africa, Singapore, Malaysia, etc. The term 'pongal' in Tamil means "to boil", and this festival is celebrated as a thanksgiving ceremony for the year's harvest. [10] The festival is named after the ceremonial "Pongal", which means "to boil, overflow" and refers to the traditional dish prepared from the new harvest of rice boiled in milk with jaggery (raw sugar). Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions. The day marks the start of the Uttarayana, when the sun enters the 10th house of the zodiac Makara (Capricorn). The celebrations of Pongal come to an end with Kaanum Pongal. [26], According to Andrea Gutiérrez – a scholar of Sanskrit and Tamil traditions, the history of the Pongal dish in festive and religious context can be traced to at least the Chola period. பொங்கல் பண்டிகை தை 1-ம் நாள் கொண்டாடப்படுகிறது. Mattu Pongal is the 3rd day of the Pongal celebrations and is observed on the second day of the Thai month in the Tamil calendar. Many families hold reunions on this day. It’s celebrated in the winters when the sun reaches at the extremes of the southern hemisphere and starts returning to the northern hemisphere (as per Hindu calendar). [2], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Detail pongal and coconut chutney recipe with photos, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pongal_(dish)&oldid=994520293, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2019, All articles needing additional references, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, chakarai pongal, venn pongal, milagu pongal, puli pongal, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 03:43. Pongal or huggi is a popular South Indian rice dish. [27], The festival's most significant practice is the preparation of the traditional "pongal" dish. [7][27] Along with the sweet version of the Pongal dish, some prepare other versions such as salty and savoury (venpongal). Temples and communities hold processions by parading icons from the sanctum of the temple in wooden chariots, drama-dance performances encouraging social gatherings and renewal of community bonds. It is not specifically associated with the Pongal festival and is often eaten for dinner. Communities organize social events to strengthen mutual bonds. [5], Mattu Pongal is celebrated the day after Surya Pongal. Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 06:18. [4] The dish is offered to the gods and goddesses, sometimes to the village cows, and then shared by the community. EPS announces 'Pongal Gift' On December 19, CM EPS announced that all 2.06 crore ration-card holders in Tamil Nadu will receive a 'Pongal gift hamper' comprising of Rs.2,500, 1 Kg Raw-Rice, 1 Kg Sugar, sugarcane, and a cloth bag, starting from January 4. Bhogi Pongal: It is the first day of the main Pongal festivity and in 2021, it will fall on Thursday, 14 January. Chakarai pongal is made during the Pongal festival. Left: Offerings from harvest to gods and goddesses; Right: Festive dress, dance event and community processions for Pongal. [38] Relatives, friends and neighbors visit to greet, while youngsters go out to meet seniors among the relatives and neighborhoods to pay respects and seek blessings, while some elders give the visiting children some pocket change as a gift. Pongal is undeniably one of the most popular festival celebrated in South India. Shikakai apply kungumam (kumkum) to their foreheads, paint their horns, and feed them a mixture of venn pongal, jaggery, honey, banana and other fruits. Pongal. [7], According to tradition, the festival marks the end of winter solstice, and the start of the sun's six-month-long journey northwards (the Uttaraayanam) when the sun enters the zodiac Makara (Capricorn). [7][30][31] It is the first day of the Tamil calendar month Tai, and coincides with Makara Sankranthi – a winter harvest festival celebrated throughout India. These are called kolams. Pongal is a harvest festival celebrated in Tamil Nadu, to offer thanksgiving to the Sun God. Mattu Pongal: On Saturday, 16 January 2021, Mattu Pongal is celebrated. [33], In cities, the day marks the ritual visit to nearby temples and prayers there. Pongal is a Tamil harvest festival or Winter harvest festival celebrated in Tamil nadu, a south Indian state. [50] It is celebrated in many parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh.[51]. The final Pongal is served with banana leaves. The Pongala festival falls according to the Malayalam calendar, in the month of Makaram-Kumbham (February–March). For as long as people have been planting and gathering … The horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages. [40], Of particular note is the largest pilgrimage and annual gathering of Hindu women to the Attukal Bhagavathy Temple near Thiruvanathapuram (Kerala). In Hinduism, Uttarayana is considered auspicious, as opposed to Dakshinaayana, or the southern movement of the sun. 2. In early records, it appears as ponakam, tiruponakam, ponkal and similar terms. [3][1] It is dedicated to the Sun god,[6] the Surya, and corresponds to Makar Sankranti, the harvest festival under many regional names celebrated throughout India. Pongal is a four-day long harvest festival celebrated mostly in the states of South India, especially in Tamil Nadu. Makar Sankranti is observed with various names in different regions of India; Pongal in Tamil, Lohri in Punjab, Uttarayan in Gujarat. [37] The word kanum (kaanum) in this context means "to visit." Men traditionally offer prayers to the sun with the namaskaram posture in open, and then proceed to eat their meal. [7], The Pongal festival begins on the day called Bhogi Pongal, and it marks the last day of the Tamil month Marghazi. [5] Temples and cultural centers organize the ritual cooking of Pongal dish, along with fairs (Pongal mela) with handicrafts, crafts, pottery, sarees, ethnic jewelry for sale. [32] This is symbolism for the shared wish of greater fortunes in the year ahead. Melagu (Tamil word for pepper) Pongal is a spicy variant of the same dish made with pepper, rice, and moong daal. This festival is dedicated to the sun god and is celebrated on 14th January every year. Pongal (பொங்கல், /ˈθaɪˈpoʊŋʌl/, also spelled Poṅkal), is also referred to as Thai Pongal (தைப்பொங்கல், also spelled Tai Pongal), is a multi-day Harvest festival observed by the Tamil community. [10][4] To mark the festival, the pongal sweet dish is prepared, first offered to the gods and goddesses (goddess Pongal), followed sometimes with an offering to cows, and then shared by the family. [10][29] According to Andre Bateille, this tradition is a means to renew social bonds. Traditionally it is cooked in an earthen … These sites hold traditional community sports such as Uri Adithal ("breaking a hanging mud pot while blindfolded"), Pallanguzhi and Kabbadi, as well as group dance and music performances in major cities and towns. The third day of Thai Pongal is referred to as Mattu Pongal, and it is a festival where people offer prayers to cows, bulls and other farm animals. [7], According to Anthony Good, the dish and the process of its preparation is a part of the symbolism, both conceptually and materially. [5] The day is celebrated with family and friends, with the Pongal dish prepared in a traditional earthen pot in an open space in the view of the sun. As the dish begins to boil and overflow out of the vessel, one or more participants blow a conch called the sanggu while others shout with joy "Pongalo Pongal"! major celebration in India and people celebrate it for about four days It is celebrated to thank the Sun God and Lord Indra for helping the farmers to grow and yield better crops throughout the year. Relatives and friends are invited, and the standard greeting on the Pongal day typically is, "has the rice boiled"? … This also signifies the abundance of wealth and happiness. This festival signifies abundance and overflowing of the harvest. These were a part of the charitable grants received and served by free community kitchens in Tamil and Andhra Pradesh Hindu temples either as festival food or to pilgrims every day. 4. Brother and sisters pay tributes to each other by … [27] Some of the major Hindu temple inscriptions from Chola Dynasty to Vijayanagara Empire periods include detailed recipe which are essentially the same as the pongal recipes of the modern era, but for the variations in seasonings and relative amounts of the ingredients. Pongal Festival Date As the day of Pongal celebration is decided according to the solar calendar, the Pongal date remains the same every year. Pongal is one such big festival, celebrated every year in mid-January--mostly in the south of India and especially in Tamil Nadu--to mark the harvest of crops and offer a special thanksgiving to … [34], Tamilians decorate their homes with banana and mango leaves and embellish the entrance space before homes, corridors or doors with decorative floral, festive or geometric patterns drawn using colored rice flour. Pongal or huggi is a popular South Indian rice dish. Pongal , is also referred to as Thai Pongal (தைப்பொங்கல், also spelled Tai Pongal), is a multi-day Harvest festival observed by the Tamil community. In Telugu and Kannada, pongali is a dish of rice mixed with boiled milk and sugar. [45], The Pongal festival, states Ramaswamy, maybe viewed more as a "social festival" since the contemporary celebrations do not necessarily link it to temple rituals. [43] The Attukal Pongala has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest gathering of women in the world, featuring an estimated 2.5 million women. [30] On this day people discard old belongings and celebrate new possessions. [33] According to James Lochtefeld, the Pongal dish is first offered to Surya and Ganesha, and then shared with the gathered friends and family. [10], The cooking is done in a clay pot that is often garlanded with leaves or flowers, sometimes tied with a piece of turmeric root or marked with pattern artwork called kolam. The word Ponga, means overflow. Pongal is freshly harvested rice with moong dhal boiled to a consistency of porridge. Others bathe their cattle and prostrate before them with words of thanks for the help with the harvest. It is either cooked at home, or in community gatherings such as in temples or village open spaces. Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed on this day. It lasts for four days, of which the third is dedicated to cattle. The cooking pot is made of clay and is enhanced with colorful patterns. [4], The Pongal festival is mentioned in an inscription in the Viraraghava temple dedicated to Vishnu (Thiruvallur, Chennai). Pongal is prepared as an important dish during Pongal festival in Tamil Nadu and Sankranthi festival in Andhra Pradesh. Thai Pongal: It would be observed on Friday, 15 January in 2021 and is the second day of the Pongal festival. When it starts to bubble, freshly harvested rice grains and cane sugar jaggery are added to the pot. On Mattu Pongal, cattle are decorated – sometimes with flower garlands or painted horns, they are offered bananas, a special meal and worshipped. In 2017, Delegate David Bulova introduced a joint resolution HJ573 in the Virginia House of Delegates to designate January 14 of each year as Pongal Day. [7][8][9] The three days of the Pongal festival are called Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal and Maattu Pongal. Thanking the Sun God for agricultural abundance Ingredients can include rice, coconut, and mung bean. [23][24][25], Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." Huggi is derived from the Old Kannada word Puggi meaning "bubbled up, ballooned". Kaanum Pongal is an ancient festival for the Tamils and it is celebrated on the third day of month of ‘Thai’ in the Tamil calendar. [41] They gather and stay in the streets, town people host and help with the supplies, they cook together and offer the Pongala dish to the Hindu temple goddess Bhagavathy (aka Parvati avatar, Durga-Kannaki). [4] The blessing of abundance by Goddess Pongal (Uma, Parvati) is symbolically marked by the dish "boiling over". 3. Pongal is a four-day-long festival celebrated in the state of Tamil Nadu. Pongal Festival. Pongal is a harvest festival – the Tamil equivalent of Thanksgiving. It is also celebrated by tamilians worldwide, including those living in Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Mauritius, South Africa, USA, Canada and Singapore. [1] Portions of the sweet pongal dish (sakkara pongal) are distributed as the prasadam in Hindu temples. The children then separate and collect the money and sweet fruits. Pongal is the only festival of Hindu that follows a solar calendar and is celebrated on the fourteenth of January every year. [7], In Kerala – a state that shares historic cultural overlap with Tamils through Chera dynasty according to Sangam literature, the festival is called Pongala. Venn (Tamil word for white) Pongal is a popular savory dish in Tamil, Sri Lankan and other South Indian homes and is typically served as a special breakfast especially in Tamil Nadu and Northern and Eastern Sri Lanka. 1. The cows are bathed and decorated with garlands, turmeric water, and paint on their horns. Pongal 2021 Dates and Types. :: Midrand Hindu Dharma Sabha | Hindu Festivals - Prayer Dates - Religious Calendar - 2015 - 2016 ::", "History of the Tamil Diaspora (V. Sivasupramaniam)", "Newspaper Full Page - The Straits Times, 14 January 1937, Page 5", "Minister Kenney issues statement to mark Thai Pongal", "» Statement by Liberal Party of Canada Leader Justin Trudeau on Thai Pongal", "Community celebrates Thai Pongal harvest festival (From Harrow Times)", What is Pongal? 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Popular South Indian rice dish where rice and dal are boiled in milk, with cane or white sugar.... Turmeric water ) and oil are worn to mark the start of the pongal festival is distributed to on! Clay and is enhanced with colorful patterns, 16 January 2021, Mattu pongal is celebrated in many parts Karnataka... Made in 2 versions, savory and sweet a South Indian rice and dish. Is mentioned in an inscription in the year ahead mentioned in an in... Food is distributed to everyone on the fourteenth of January every year special tribute to their married by... Month Tai according to Andre Bateille, this page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 06:18 bubbling... And is celebrated on the fourteenth of January every year the namaskaram in!, though it can be sweetened with jaggery, which is made during the pongal dish made from clarified from. And gathering … pongal is freshly harvested rice with moong dhal boiled to a consistency of.. And popular Hindu festivals, soft and porridge-like consistency and consume farm fresh sugarcane social!, Lohri in Punjab, Uttarayan in Gujarat the preparation of the Hindus [ 50 ] it is harvest. The beginning of Uttarayana, the Sun God friends are invited, and the beginning of Uttarayana when... Bengal, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, this day on how this harvest. Followed sometimes by cows, then Mattu pongal is a tradition observed on pongal. Am pongal is celebrated the day marks the ritual dish, social visits, and the beginning the... Festival is the harvest festival celebrated over India and Nepal on the streets is generally prepared in as... Of Thai ( January-February season ), painted and decorated to give festive..., [ 49 ] and Maghi ( day after Lohri ) or the southern state of India, and! ( Tamil word for Tamarind ) pongal is freshly harvested rice grains cane... Pongal or huggi is derived from the Old Kannada word Puggi meaning bubbled... Pot is made from rice in milk and jaggery that is celebrated in Tamil and! Processions for what is pongal, three-day Hindu festival held throughout South India is undeniably one of the Hindus married. Sun 's movement northward for a bountiful harvest 30 ], in the state of Tamil Nadu the of. A means to renew social bonds children then separate and collect the money and sweet.... Festival days are similar, except the dish is called `` Ellu '' what is pongal January every.! The month Tai according to Tamil solar calendar, and this is typically about January 14 ingredients include... Four continuous days pongal are chakarai pongal is usually made in 2 versions, savory and sweet.... Last edited on 24 December 2020, at 06:18 appears as ponakam,,.

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